Understanding Hydraulics – pneumatic – drilling
If you want to produce oil and gas with the high commercial value from your oil deposits, it will take you through diverse stages ranging from the treatment of oil formations for extraction to refining in oil and gas processing plants. The initial stage is the extraction of the ground which consecutively utilizes some steps such as; horizontal drilling, hydraulic fracturing, and multistage cracking. During horizontal drilling stage, vertical drilling of a well is initially done to a calculated depth mainly approximately 6000ft where the oil and gas formation is melted.
The direction of the drilling bite is always diverted to widen the drilling angle until the wellbore is in a horizontal contact with your oil and gas reservoir. The well is immediately extended to a lateral depth ranging from 1000 to 30,000 ft. after making a horizontal contact to maximize the surface area of the wellbore… You can successfully achieve fracturing when you have at your hands the hydraulics, pneumatic and electromechanical equipment.
You will need to fracture the shale formation to maximize its permeability. This is the second extraction stage termed as hydraulic fracturing and it is complementary to the injection of a highly pressurized fluid that contains both chemical additives and smooth sand particles. Here the pressurized fluid maximizes the size of existing cracks and also generate new fractures.
The use of the sand grain suspension is to support the fractures upon withdrawing of pressurized fluid from the wellbore thereby subsequently permitting the gas, in this case, to be lead to the wellbore. You can successfully achieve fracturing when you have at your hands the hydraulics, pneumatic and electromechanical equipment.
For you to successfully gain maximum productivity in your oil field, you need to understand and excellently digest the accurate operation of hydraulics, pneumatic and electromechanical equipment. More so you need to avail this information to your technical team. You need to understand the classifications of hydraulics, pneumatic and electromechanical equipment for maximum benefits.
Classifications of hydraulics, pneumatic and electromechanical equipment
According to the control system
Here your hydraulics, pneumatic and electromechanical equipment can be controlled in an open loop or closed loop operation. Under open loop control operation, there is no feedback hence the system is highly inaccurate, additionally, the plant operational errors can only be minimized by proper recalibrations as well as control. Another type of control system is a closed loop control mode. This system uses feedback whereby the actual output excellently compared with the desired output to generate and deliver an actuating error signal to the correction element for an action to be done
Your hydraulics, pneumatic and electromechanical equipment can electrically be controlled or controlled by fluid logic under control type. Under electrical control, the electrical devices such as the switches, relays, timers, and coils are used to control your hydraulics, pneumatic and electromechanical equipment can.